The Congress and Senate were disolved on 24 September 2019. The will be reopened on 3 December 2019.

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14 OCTOBER 2019


Dictionary of terms

General terms

Register of interests.

Public register constituted in each of the Houses to record the declarations of activities, assets and earnings which must be made by Deputies and Senators at the beginning of their mandate, when there are modifications in any of the situations declared, and when they cease being members of parliament. Any citizen can view the content of these declarations through the webpage of the corresponding House.


Turn of speech which involves responding to a reply, which usually closes the debate about a question, interpellation or taking of possession in relation to the pertinent parliamentary initiative.


Intervention in a debate which occurs after the author has received a response to a question, interpellation or a stance in relation to a parliamentary initiative. They are usually brief turns which give rise to the rejoinder which brings the debate to a close.

Report of a Reporting Body.

Document that contains the proposal or result of the work carried out by the members of the Reporting Body created as part of a Parliamentary Committee to study a government bill or a specific matter. See “Reporting Body”.

Right of initiative.

Power that is constitutionally attributed to certain subjects to validly initiate the procedure aimed at passing, modifying or repealing a law. This is the case of governmental bills, presented by the Government which are prioritised, non-governmental bills which originate in the Houses or the Legislative Assemblies of the Self-Governing Communities, or popular legislative initiatives.

Right of petition.

Fundamental right regulated in the Constitution (sections 29 and 77). By exercising this right, a citizen or a collective can request that a public institution makes a certain decision or acts in a specific way.

Roll call (voting).

Voting procedure whereby the names of voters are registered. It can be public or secret. In the Senate, in public roll calls, a Secretary calls each of the members of the House, in alphabetical order, and they must respond whether they are voting "for", "against", or if they wish to abstain. Public roll calls can also be carried out electronically. In secret roll calls, which can be carried out using ballot slips or a system of black balls and white balls, a Secretary calls each of the members of the House, in alphabetical order, and they must then deposit their ballot slip or ball in the corresponding place.