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Dictionary of terms

General terms


Senate's rejection of a governmental or non-governmental bill submitted for its consideration, following debate, by the Congress of Deputies, which requires the approval of an absolute majority of Senators. To overcome this veto, the Congress of Deputies must ratify the text initially submitted by the same absolute majority, or by a simple majority if more than two months have passed since it was interposed.


Member's right to express his or her will regarding any issue that is put to the vote or ballot in the House or the Committee of which they are a member. It can be affirmative (in favour), negative (against), or the member can abstain. It is a personal right and cannot be delegated.

Vote of no confidence.

Instrument of supervision and control whereby the Congress of Deputies demands political responsibility from the Government. It is rooted in the very essence of the parliamentary regime, founded on the relationship of trust between Parliament and the Government. The Constitution demands that, in order to pass, the absolute majority of Deputies must support the vote of no confidence, in which case the Government will tender its resignation to the King and the candidate proposed in the vote of no confidence will be sworn in as President of the Government.