The Congress and Senate were disolved on 5 March 2019. The will be reopened on 21 May 2019.

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20 MARCH 2019


Right of petition

Last update 25/11/2014


The right of petition is a fundamental right enjoyed by all private individuals and legal entities, regardless of their nationality, as reflected in section 29 of the Constitution and developed in Organic Act 4/2001. It is a right that can be exercised individually or collectively, as the faculty to address public powers either to inform them of certain facts or to demand their intervention, or both things at the same time. However, this right does not apply to petitions which must be responded to by means of a specific procedure in accordance with legal regulations, nor to petitions that are subject to parliamentary, administrative or judicial proceedings.


If the petition is addressed to the Senate, sections 77 of the Constitution and 192 to 195 of the Senate Standing Orders regulate the exercising of this fundamental right. Written petitions must be submitted to the General Senate Register either in person or sent in writing. They must reflect the identity of the petitioner or petitioners, nationality, address for correspondence, addressee of the petition, as well as its purpose.


Once a petition has been submitted, it will be examined by the Petitions Committee. The Report that must be issued for every ordinary period of sittings, which is subject to the consideration of the Senate Plenary Sitting, will state the decision made regarding each petition, indicating the authority to which it has been forwarded for a response. The responses received to petitions will be forwarded to the petitioners.


To make it easier to exercise this right, a model petition is provided for presentation to the General Senate Register.


- Model petition