Election and functions

Last revision: 07/07/2020

The Speaker of the Senate is elected at the constitutional session of the House through an absolute majority of its members.

Should an absolute majority not be achieved in the first round of voting, a second round will be held for the Senators who tied with the highest number of votes, or, alternatively, for the Senators who obtained the highest two number of votes. The Senator who receives the highest number of votes in this second round will be elected (article 7 of the Senate Standing Orders).

As the most senior figure, in his/her functions, he or she represents the Senate, ensures that its tasks are performed properly, calls and chairs the Plenary Sitting, the Permanent Deputation, the Bureau and the Board of Spokespersons, leads and maintains order in debates, ensures the application of the Standing Orders, and fills in, in accordance with the Bureau of the Standing Orders Committee, for any gaps there might be in the Standing Orders. The Speaker also holds supreme authority of the House in the Senate Palace, and in its affiliated buildings, and so may take any measures required and give relevant orders to ensure good order is maintained in this site (37 et seq. of the Senate Standing Orders).

The Speaker of the Senate holds an important position in State protocol, since he or she is the fourth highest authority after HRH the King and other members of the Royal Family, the President of the Government, and the Speaker of the Congress of Deputies (sections 10 and 12 of Royal Decree 2099/1983, of 4th August, approving the General Ordering of Precedence in the State.  )

The current speaker of the Senate is the Right Honourable María Pilar Llop Cuenca.