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19 JANUARY 2021


Frequently asked questions (FAQ)

Can I view the statements of activities, assets and income of the Senators?

Yes. The statements of activities of the Senators in the current legislature can be consulted in the subsection "Composition and organization>Senators>Register of interests. Activities, assests and income".


With respect to the statements of activities referring to previous legislatures, once a Parliamentarian’s term of office has concluded, activities stated while he or she had the full status of a Deputy or Senator may only be made public through a procedure whereby the statement is shown to the interested party personally. The showing of the statement to the interested party will be rendered effective in accordance with the rules contained in subsection 4 of the Resolution of the Bureaus of the Congress of Deputies and the Senate, of 21 December 2009, approving rules applicble to the register of interests.

Differences with the Right of Petition

The Right of Petition is a fundamental right belonging to all natural and legal persons, regardless of their nationality, and is established in subsection 29 of the Constitution and implemented in Organic Act 4/2001. It is a right which can be exercised individually or collectively and consists of the power to approach the public authorities in order to either bring to their attention certain facts or to claim their action, or both at the same time. Nevertheless, this right does not extend to those petitions for which a specific procedure is established by the law, or to those which are already being dealt with in a parliamentary, administrative or judicial proceeding.


In cases where a petition is addressed to the Senate, section 77 of the Constitution and 192 to 195 of the Senate Standing Orders regulate the exercise of this fundamental right. 


The submissions of petitions must include the identity of the petitioner or petitioners, nationality, address for notifications, the person to whom the petition is made, as well as the purpose of the petition.


A form is available for submitting petitions, although its use is not compulsory. The submission of petitions is acceptable by means of any kind of written document which contains the details indicated above.


If the form is used, once it has been completed, it must be printed, signed and delivered in person at the General Register of the Senate or sent by ordinary post.


Once submitted, the petitions will be examined by the Petitions Committee

The decision made with respect to each petition, indicating, where appropriate, the authority to which it was sent for the reply, will appear in the report to be issued in each ordinary period of sessions, which is examined by the Senate Plenary Sitting. The answers to the petitions received will be conveyed to their authors.


Access to the Reports of the Petitions Committee.

How much does a Senator earn?

The economic regime of the Senators is comprised by a constitutional allowance, which is the same for all Senators, the monthly supplements by reason of the offices they hold, as well as stipends and compensation for the expenses incurred for the performance of their duties. All of these amounts are published in the subsection Composition and Organisation>Senators>Economic regime and  in the subsection Transparency> Economic and contractual information> Economic regime.

How is a Parliamentary Group formed?

The Parliamentary Groups are groupings of parliamentarians formed on the basis of the political affiliation of the parliamentarians and are set up in the Houses at the start of each legislature.

In the case of the Senate, each Parliamentary Group will be made up by at least ten Senators. No Senator may belong to more than one Parliamentary Group. The Senators who have participated in the elections as members of the same party, federation, coalition or grouping may not form more than one Parliamentary Group. Senators who do not join a Parliamentary Group with a specific name will be assigned to the Mixed Group.

For more details, see sections 27 to 34 under Chapter Two, within Part Two del Reglamento del Senado.


If you would like to learn more about the Parliamentary Groups of the Senate, you can browse through the fact sheet of each Senator by clicking here.



How can I find out whether a law is being debated in the Senate?

The legislative proceeding is the sum of the steps through which a governmental or non-governmental bill must pass in the Congress of Deputies and in the Senate. As a general rule (except for certain special proceedings), the proceeding is initiated in the Congress of Deputies and a second reading takes place in the Senate.

Once a governmental or non-governmental bill is tabled in the Senate, there are three locations on the Senate website from which the progress of the proceeding can be followed:

  1. The subsection Acts being debated. The Journal of parliamentary proceedings which sums up all of the steps and time limits to which a governmental or non-governmental bill in the Senate is subject, can be consulted in this subsection.
  2. The Bill search, enables searches by free text, by type of bill and by the status of a bill (bills being debated, passed or all bills).
  3. The General search, located in the heading of the page, enables free-text searches.
    When a bill is accessed, a fact sheet can be consulted showing all of the stages of the proceeding from the start, as well as the documents and files associated with it, through the links located on the first information table of the bill.

Where can I find the information on the Senate contract procedures?

The Senate publishes contract procedure information in the el Contractor profile and in the Transparency>Contract procedure section.

The Contractor profile shows the procedures in progress, the contracts awarded and the regulations applicable to the contract procedure.

In order to view a specific procedure, by clicking on its title, you can access the fact sheet with all of the information on the process and consult the specific administrative terms and conditions and technical specifications.

The Senate is governed by its own regulation under the principle of autonomy enjoyed by the Cortes Generales, although the Public Sector Procurement Act applies on a subsidiary basis.

A Contract Guide has been made available to citizens in the Transparency>Contract procedure section, providing a list of current contracts in the Senate awarded since 2007 through open and negotiation procedures, together with statistics on the expenditure involved in each type of contract during the previous budgetary year.

What kind of work is carried out in the Senate during the months of January, July and August?

Our Constitution of 1978 establishes two ordinary periods of sessions, the first of which is held from September to December and the second from February to June (section 73) although, during the months of January, July and August, the House continues its activity.
Nevertheless, parliamentary activity is often extended during those months, as it has become a usual practice to set up days for holding Extraordinary Plenary Sittings, Committee meetings or for the work of Reporting Bodies.
In addition, the Parliamentary Administration continues to perform the preparatory tasks for the following period of sessions.

How can I send a document to a Senator or to a Parliamentary Group?

On the website, a form is provided on the fact sheet of each Senator in the Take part space, identified by an envelope.
In order to send documents to Senators, we suggest that you contact the Senator himself or herself, to ask for their email address, or contact the Parliamentary Group.
At the present time, for security reasons, the sending of documents is not enabled through this system.
The details of each of the Senate’s Parliamentary Groups are included in the Contact subsection.



How can I find out how many women Senators are in the Senate?

The overall figure of women holding a seat is published in the subsection Key Issues>Presence of women in the Senate.


The composition of the Senate can be consulted in Current Senators.

How is a Senator elected?

The procedure for the election and appointment of Senators is described in the website subsection Composition and Organisation>Senators, within the section Electoral system and electoral results. In accordance with our Constitution, part of the Senators are elected directly by citizens and part are appointed by the Parliaments of the Self-governing Communities in relation to their population.